The tech industry has lost a lot of talent in the past few years as the technology sector has boomed and it is becoming increasingly difficult to fill vacancies
Tech companies have struggled to fill positions that require specialized skills and experience.
According to a report by IT consultancy Canalys, the tech sector has lost around 2.6 million job creators between 2013 and 2016.
The number of people in the industry that require a Bachelor of Science (BS) degree in technology is estimated at around 7.5 million.
The jobs that tech companies are looking for are also increasingly becoming less specialized.
For instance, in a survey by research firm WPP, nearly half of companies surveyed said they would hire less experienced people than they do now.
“I think that the current wave of automation that we have seen in recent years is just not delivering the benefits that the tech industry would like,” said Jodie Williams, managing partner at IT consultancy KPMG.
“The vast majority of people who are not in a STEM-focused career, it’s people in a non-tech role.”
One reason for the gap between tech talent and jobs is the rise of online learning and the rise in data-driven work.
The internet has changed the way people learn.
“If you look at the people who have left in the last few years, almost half of them are just doing something on their computer, not in the real world,” said Williams.
This is a trend that has been particularly apparent in the fields of science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM).
These fields are known for their ability to provide students with the tools needed to take on difficult academic and career challenges.
“As tech companies have grown and the cost of these things have gone up, there has been an erosion of the role of traditional education,” said Dr. Mark Williams, senior lecturer in educational and career development at the University of Technology Sydney.
“And so you see people becoming increasingly focused on taking on a variety of jobs.”
Williams is not alone in his assessment.
Dr. Michael Moller, chief executive of the National Union of Students, said the rise and growth of technology has been bad for the profession.
“A lot of these people who leave because they have had a bad experience with the profession, they’re looking for jobs that are very challenging and that don’t involve a lot more of them,” he said.
“In many ways, it has been a disaster for our students.”
Dr. Moller has been concerned about the rising tide of computer science graduates leaving the profession because of a lack of opportunities.
“There are so many people who want to get into a STEM [science, technology and engineering] field, but it’s just not available,” he told Business Insider.
“It’s really frustrating for many people.
It’s not a great idea to put them in the position of having to go into a career where you’re working alongside robots.”
In many ways the tech boom is making it harder to find people to fill the job market for people who previously would have been considered STEM specialists.
“People are just not looking for a traditional job in tech, which is one of the main reasons we’re seeing this erosion of people from the STEM fields,” said Moller.
“They’re not even looking for IT-related jobs anymore.”
Technology can also impact the workplace in unexpected ways.
“When you have this huge change in the economy, it affects your ability to be able to manage your business and your finances,” said Nils Fiske, chief operating officer of research and analytics firm eMarketer.
“That’s one of our biggest concerns.”
In an effort to fill job gaps, many tech companies recently have started offering paid internships and mentoring programs.
However, it is still a risky proposition for many young people.
“Internships are very difficult to get right now, so that’s not necessarily a great way to be starting out in tech,” said Fiskes.
“Especially for people in their early 20s, there’s a huge learning curve, and they’re trying to figure out what the next steps are.”
Many tech companies, including Apple, Facebook and Microsoft, are offering paid positions for people to learn and grow as they work in their new roles.
However many are only looking to provide a job for those who can provide a specific skill set and experience that is in demand.
“You can’t just say, ‘Oh, I’m going to give you this job because I have a passion for technology and I know what I’m doing,'” said Williams, of KPMF.
“Some of these are really important to having an educated workforce and a future in the tech business.”
Some of these companies also offer paid internship programs, such as those at Google, Airbnb and Pinterest.
However if you want to make a career change in tech and get an internship, you might have to do some serious research before you take the plunge.
“We do not think it’s necessarily a good idea to take an internship that’s just to see if you can get it in a